Bite Size Courses

Women Returners' Network Chelmsford College
Moulsham Street
Essex CM2 0JQ
Phone: 01245 263796
Fax: 01245 491712
E-Mail: E-Mail:

This ninth version is the first that has been set-up online. It has been updated by Andrea Lohner, WRN's Research Assistant.

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List of Abbreviations

APL Accreditation of Prior Learning is a process which enables people to gain certificates for their past achievement, often outside the formal education system in work, leisure or community activities.
CATS   Credit Accumulation and Transfer
DfEE   Department for Education and Employment
EOC   Equal Opportunities Commission
ESF   European Social Fund
ESOL   English as a Second Language IT Information Technology
LEA   Local Education Authority
LEC   Local Enterprise Council (Scotland)
NOW   New Opportunities for Women
SED   Scottish Education Department
TAP   Training Access Point
TEC   Training and Enterprise Council (England and Wales)
WP   Word-processing
Education Providers
AEC   Adult Education Centre
College of FE/HE, CFE, CHE   College of Further Education / Higher Education
LOCN   London Open College Network
MOCF   Manchester Open College Federation
OCFNW   Open College Federation of the North West
OCN   Open College Network
OU   Open University
SWAF   South West Access Federation
SWAP   Scottish Wider Access Programme
SWWOCAC   South West Wales Open College Access Consortium
SYOC/SYOLF   South Yorkshire Open College / South Yorkshire Open Leaning Federation
WEA   Workers' Educational Association, has district offices throughout the country
WNYAN   West and North Yorkshire Access Network
Examining Bodies and Qualifications
BA/BSc/BEd   Bachelor of Arts / Science / Education. Most common 'first' degrees, usually taking three years full-time, four to six years part-time.
BTEC   Business and Technology Education Council
CACHE   Council for Awards in Children's Care and Education
C&G   City and Guilds
CLAIT   Computer Literacy and Information Technology (an award offered by the Royal Society of Arts)
CNAA   Council for National Academic Awards
DipHE   Diploma in Higher Education. Usually awarded after two years of full-time study or its part-time equivalent; can lead on to a degree or teaching qualification.
D DipSW   Diploma in Social Work A level Advanced level. The conventional route to higher education.
GCSE   General Certificate of Secondary Education. Qualification which combined and replaced CSE and O level in 1988.
GNVQ   General National Vocational Qualification
HNC/D   Higher National Certificate / Diploma
HEQC   Higher Educational Quality Council
LCCI   London Chamber of Commerce and Industry
MA/MSc/MEd   Master of Arts / Science / Education. Postgraduate qualifications, usually taking one year of full-time study. Part-time study over a long period of time may also be available.
NC/D   National Certificate / Diploma
NEBSM   National Examining Board for Supervisory Management
NNEB   National Nursery Examination Board
NVQ   National Vocation Qualification
PGCE   Postgraduate Certificate in Education
QTS   Qualified Teacher Status
RSA   Royal Society of Arts. Some business studies courses lead to RSA certificates.
SCE   Scottish Certificate of Education. Standard Ordinary Grade is generally considered equivalent to GCSE. The Higher Grade examination serves as an entry to higher education in Scotland.
SCOTVEC   Scottish Vocational Education Council
TEFLA   Teaching English as a Foreign Language


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